Ever wondered what your race is or the what Race is all about? Well, look no further because we have got your answers right here. This article is intended on helping you discover your race or classification. Or if you have, why you are categorised at that. First things first, let’s understand the concept of “A Race”.
Race is the classification of humans into groups based on physical traits, ancestry, genetics or social relations, or the relations between them. First used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote national affiliations, by the 17th century race began to refer to physical (i.e phenotypical) traits. The term was often used in a general biological taxonomic sense starting from the 19th century, to denote generally differentiated human populations defined by phenotype.
Generally speaking, the spatial distribution and concentration of these races is—Caucasians in Europe, Mongoloids in Asia and Negroids in Africa. But these races are not limited, in spatial extent, to these areas only. For instance, the Caucasian race is also found along the northern belt of Africa, Turkey and from Iran to Baluchistan and India.
The Mongoloid race is mainly found in the central, eastern and south-eastern parts of Asia and the western parts of the Americas (Red Indians etc.), Arctic region (Eskimos in Canada, Greenland and Yakuts in Siberia).In other words, the Mongoloids are clustered around the Pacific and the Arctic Oceans.
The Negroids are mainly concentrated in the south of Sahara desert in Africa, but they are also found in Indonesia (pygmy group), Papua New Guinea and Melanesia. The Australoids, a mixture of Negroids and Dravidians (south India), are largely concentrated in Australia, especially in the north and west.
1. Caucasoid (European)
2. Negroid (African)
3. Mongoloid (Asiatic or Oriental).
4. Australoid (Australian aboriginal)
Negroid (also known as Congoid) is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon .The term has been used by many forensic and physical anthropologists to refer to individuals and populations that share certain morphological and skeletal traits that are frequent among most populations in Sub-Saharan Africa. First introduced in early racial science and anthropometry, Negroid denoted one of the three purported major races of humankind (alongside Caucasoid and Mongoloid).Negroid describes features that typify skulls of black people. These include a broad and round nasal cavity; no dam or nasal sill; nasal bones; notable facial projection in the jaw and mouth area (prognathous); a rectangular-shaped palate; a square or rectangular eye orbit shape;a large interorbital distance; a more undulating supra orbital ridge; and large, megadontic teeth
According to George W.Gill and other modern forensic anthropologists, physical traits of Negroid crania are generally distinct from those of the Caucasoid races. They assert that they can identify a Negroid skull with an accuracy of up to 95%.
Afro-textured hair is tightly coiled, kinky hair. It is a ubiquitous trait among Negroid populations. By consequence, the presence of looser, frizzly hair texture in other populations has often been considered an indication of possible admixture with Negroid peoples.
Skin pigmentation in Negroid populations varies from very dark brown to light brown.As dark skin is also relatively common in human groups that have historically not been defined as “Negroid”, including many populations in both Africa and Asia, it is only when present with other typical Negroid physical traits such as broad facial features, Negroid cranial and dental characteristics, prognathism, afro-textured hair and neoteny, that it has been used in Negroid classification. Populations with frequently dark skin yet on the whole lacking the suite of Negroid physical traits were thus usually not regarded as “Negroid”, but instead as either “dark Caucasoid” or “Australoid” depending on their other salient physical attributes.
Mongoloid is a term for people indigenous to East Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Siberia or North Asia, Northern Europe, the Arctic, the Americans, parts of the Pacific Islands, parts of Africa(Madagascar), and South Asia. Individuals within these populations often share certain associated phenotypic traits, such as epicanthic folds (epicanthus), sinodonty, and neoteny.
The vast majority have straight, black hair and dark brown almond-shaped eyes, and most have broad, relatively flat faces as well.
Traits more controversially ascribed to Mongoloids include high intelligence and a stoic, taciturn, unaggressive demeanour. The extent to which individual psychological makeup is a social construct, rather than a matter of biology, remains a matter of debate.
“Mongoloids” have femurs with more curvature and more twisting at the neck than the femurs of both “whites” and “blacks“. Whites have femurs that are “intermediate in both curvature and twisting” between Mongoloids and blacks. Blacks have femurs with less curvature and less twisting at the head or neck than the femurs of both whites and Mongoloids.
Mongoloid teeth are larger than Caucasoid and Negroid teeth. Mongoloids have mandibles that are “robust”, and Mongoloids have mandibles that are “similar” to the mandibles of Negroids in respect to the chins of Mongoloids and Negroids not being as prominent as the chins of Caucasoids and in respect to the chins of Mongoloids and Negroids being “median” while the Caucasoid chin is “bilateral”.Mongoloids generally have big incisors, big canines, big molars and small premolars.
Mongoloids have the smallest eyeballs, Negroids have eyeballs of medium size, and Caucasoids have the largest eyeballs. This eyeball size pattern is different for the size of the eye sockets in which the eyeballs reside, however, since Negroids have the smallest eye sockets, Caucasoids have eye sockets of medium size, and Mongoloids have the largest eye sockets.The “straight” or “low waves” hair of the mongoloids is striking indeed.
Mongoloid have thick skin cuticle and an abundance of carotene (yellow pigment). Mongoloid males have “little or no facial or body hair”. Mongoloid hair is coarse, straight, blue-black and weighs the most out of the races.The size of the average Mongoloid hair is 0.0051 square millimetres (7.9×10−6 sq in) based on samples from Chinese, Thais etc. Mongoloid hair whether it be Sioux , Ifuago or Japanese has the thickest diameter out of all human hair.
The Australoid broad racial classification used to refer to people indigenous to Southeast Asia, South Asia and so on. Australoid peoples often mixed with other races (mostly Caucasoid, Mongoloid and Negroid.
Australoids are usually dolichocephalic; their hair is usually silky, black and wavy. They usually have large, heavy jaws and their skin is the colour of chocolate and the irises are dark brown or black.
The Caucasian race (also Caucasoid or Europid) is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon, including some or all of the populations of Europe, North Africa, the Horn of Africa,Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia. The term has been used in a biological anthropology for many people from these regions, without regard necessarily to skin tone.
Caucasoid traits were recognised as: thin nasal aperture (“nose narrow”), a small mouth, facial angle of 100°–90°.
Other physical characteristics of Caucasoids include hair texture that varies from straight to curly, with wavy (cymotrichous) hair most typical on average according to Coon (1962), in contrast to the Negroid and mongoloid races. Individual hairs are also rarely as sparsely distributed and coarse as found in Mongoloids.
Skin colour amongst Caucasoids ranges greatly, from pale, reddish-white, olive, through to dark brown tones.
Regardless, knowing our race does not take away the fact that we are human beings and should respect each other. Be open minded and eager to learn new things rather than discriminate based on race.
AFOMA and ODDIE.